Bedah Anak

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Bedah anak adalah salah satu subspesialis bedah yang melibatkan pembedahan janin, bayi, anak, remaja, dan sebagainya. Dokter bedah anak berpraktek di Rumah sakit anak.

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Dokter bedah anak harus telah menyelesaikanpendidikan bedah umum, lalu menyelesaikan pendidikan 2 tahun lebih sebelum bisa ikut ujian untuk sertifikasi subspesialis. Namun, sekarang seorang dokter umum di Indonesia bisa menjadi dokter bedah anak. Sejak 2006, terdapat sekitar 39 dokter spesialis bedah anak di Indonesia.

Bedah anak berkembang pada pertengahan abad ke-20 sebagai perawatan bedah untuk cacat bawaanyang memerlukan teknik dan metode khusus serta umumnya berbasis di rumah sakit khusus anak. Salah satu tempat terobosan ini adalah Rumah Sakit Anak Philadelphia. Pada awal 1940-an, di bawah kepemimpinan bedah C. Everett Koop, teknik terbaru untuk anestesi endotrakea bayi yang lebih baru memungkinkan perbaikan bedah untuk cacat bawaan yang sebelumnya tak tersembuhkan. Dari akhir 1970-an, tingkat kematian bayi dari beberapa sindrommalformasi kongenital telah dikurangi hingga mendekatio nol.

Penyakit anak yang umum yang perlu pembedahan termasuk: Cacat bawaan organ dalam: higroma kistik, atresia esofagus dan fistula trakeoesofagus, stenosis pyloricum hipertrofi, atresi usus, nekrosis enterokolitis, penyakit Hirschsprung, imperforasi anus, testis yang tak menurundefek dinding abdomen: omfalosel, gastroskisis,herniacacat dinding dadatumor anak: seperti neuroblastoma, tumor Wilms,rhabdomiosarkoma, ATRT, tumor hati, teratoma.

Kasus Penting lain yang ditangani Bedah Anakimage

Fetal Surgery

Fetal Surgery for Congenital Diaphragmatic HerniaFetal Surgery for Congenital Heart DiseaseFetal Surgery for Congenital High Airway ObstructionFetal Surgery for Congenital Pulmonary Airway MalformationFetal Surgery for Neck MassesFetal Surgery for Sacrococcygeal TeratomaFetal Surgery for Urinary Tract Obstruction

Bedah Umum

Adrenal GlandsAlimentary Tract DuplicationsAnorectal Abscess in ChildrenAtresia, Stenosis, and Other Obstruction of the ColonChemical BurnsCloacal MalformationsCongenital Anomalies of the EsophagusConjoined TwinsDiaphragmatic HerniasDisorders of the UmbilicusElectrical Injuries in Emergency MedicineEmergent Management of Thermal BurnsEsophageal Atresia With or Without Tracheoesophageal FistulaEvaluation of the Pediatric Surgical PatientFluid Management for the Pediatric Surgical PatientGastrointestinal DuplicationsIntestinal Atresia, Stenosis, and WebsLymph Node DisordersManagement of Severe Pediatric ConstipationMeckel Diverticulum SurgeryMesenteric and Omental CystsMinimal Access SurgeryNeonatology Considerations for the Pediatric SurgeonNutrition in the Pediatric Surgical PatientPediatric Abdominal TraumaPediatric Breast DisordersPediatric Choledochal Cyst SurgeryPediatric Colonic Motility DisordersPediatric Crohn Disease SurgeryPediatric Duodenal Atresia and Stenosis SurgeryPediatric Fistula-in-AnoPediatric Gallbladder Disease SurgeryPediatric Gastroesophageal Reflux SurgeryPediatric Gastrointestinal NeoplasmsPediatric Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis SurgeryPediatric Imperforate Anus SurgeryPediatric Intussusception SurgeryPediatric Rhabdomyosarcoma SurgeryPediatric Surgery for Anal FissurePediatric Surgery for AscitesPediatric Surgery for Central Venous AccessPediatric Teratomas and Other Germ Cell TumorsPediatric Torticollis SurgeryPrenatal Diagnosis and Fetal TherapyRhabdomyomasSmall Intestinal Atresia and StenosisSmall Left Colon SyndromeSpina Bifida Hydrocephalus and ShuntsStomas of the Small and Large IntestineSurgical Treatment of BurnsSurgical Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis

Gynecology

Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding in PediatricsGenital Complaints in Prepubertal GirlsLabial AdhesionsMayer-Rokitansky SyndromeMenstruation Disorders in AdolescentsOutflow ObstructionsPediatric CervicitisPediatric Imperforate HymenPremenstrual SyndromeVaginal Atresia

Otolaryngology

AdenoidectomyCleft Lip and Palate and Mouth and Pharynx DeformitiesCongenital Malformations of the LarynxCongenital Malformations of the NeckCongenital Malformations of the TracheaCystic HygromaExternal Auditory Canal AtresiaForeign Bodies of the AirwayHearing ImpairmentMacroglossiaManifestations of Craniofacial SyndromesNasal PolypsNewborn Hearing ScreeningOtitis ExternaOtitis MediaPediatric Cleft Lip and PalatePediatric Microtia SurgeryPediatric OtosclerosisPediatric Retropharyngeal AbscessPediatric Subglottic Stenosis SurgeryPediatric TracheostomyPierre Robin SequenceStridorTonsillectomyVelopharyngeal DysfunctionVelopharyngeal Insufficiency

Transplantation

Bone Marrow TransplantationGrowth and Development After TransplantationHeart PreservationInfections After Bone Marrow TransplantationIntestinal TransplantationNutritional Requirements of Children Prior to TransplantationPediatric ImmunosuppressionPediatric Intestinal and Multivisceral TransplantationPediatric Kidney TransplantationPediatric Liver TransplantationPediatric Lung TransplantationPediatric Organ Procurement SurgeryPediatric Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative DiseaseSplit Liver TransplantationXenotransplantation in Pediatrics

Urology

Antenatal HydronephrosisDisorders of Sexual DevelopmentEnuresisExstrophy and EpispadiasGenital AnomaliesHypospadiasMeatal StenosisMyelodysplasia and Neurogenic Bladder DysfunctionPediatric Cryptorchidism SurgeryPediatric Hydrocele and Hernia SurgeryPediatric Surgery for Bladder AnomaliesPediatric Testicular TorsionPediatric Ureteropelvic Junction ObstructionPediatric Urologic GynecologyPediatric Vesicoureteral RefluxPosterior Urethral ValvesPrepubertal Testicular and Paratesticular TumorsRadiographic Evaluation of the Pediatric Urinary TractUreteral Duplication, Ureteral Ectopia, and UreteroceleUrethral Anomalies and Urethral ProlapseVaricocele in AdolescentsVoiding Dysfunction

Vascular Surgery
Arterial Vascular Malformations Including Hemangiomas and LymphangiomasConduits for Vascular Reconstruction in the Pediatric PatientIatrogenic Vascular Lesion SurgerySurgery for Congenital Arterial and Venous AnomaliesVascular Access Overview

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